Paul Spence

Climate Change Research Centre,
University of New South Wales,
Sydney, Australia, 2052

DECRA Fellow, Australian Research Council

Research Associate,
Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science
Ph: +61 2 9385 9766,
Fax: +61 2 9385 8969

Dr. Walter Munk signs my surfboard


  • (27) Ypma, S, E. van Sebille, A. Kiss and P. Spence, 2015: The separation of the East Australian Current: a Lagrangian approach to potential vorticity and upstream control. JGR-Oceans, accepted.
  • (26) Wiang, Q., et al., 2015: An assessment of the Arctic Ocean in a suite of inter-annual CORE-II simulations: Sea ice and solid freshwater. Ocean Modelling, accepted.
  • (25) Wiang, Q., et al., 2015: An assessment of the Arctic Ocean in a suite of inter-annual CORE-II simulations: Liquid freshwater. Ocean Modelling, accepted.
  • (24) Stewart, K., P. Spence, S. Waterman, J. Le Sommer, J-M. Molines, J. Lilly, M. England, 2015: Anisotropy of Eddy Variability in the Global Ocean. Ocean Modelling, 95, 53-65.
  • (25) Menviel, L., P. Spence N. Golledge, M. England, 2015: Southern Ocean Overturning Role in Modulating High Southern Latitude Climate and Atmospheric CO2 on Millenial Timescales. Nova Acta Leopoldina, 121(408), 159-166.
  • (22) Saenko, O., D. Yang, J. Gregory, P. Spence, 2015: Separating the influence of projected changes in air temperature and wind on patterns of sea level and ocean heat content. JGR-Oceans , 120(8), 5749-5765.
  • (21) S. Downes et al., 2015: An assessment of Southern Ocean water masses and sea ice during 1988-2007 in a suite of inter-annual CORE-II simulations. Ocean Modelling , 94, 67-94.
  • (20) L. Menviel, P. Spence, M. England, 2014: Contribution of Antarctic Bottom Water changes to Antarctic warm events and atmospheric CO2 variations during MIS3. Earth Planetary Science Letters , 413, 37-50. pdf.
  • (19) S. McGregor, P. Spence, F. Schwarzkopf, M. England, A. Santoso, W. Kessler, A. Timmermann, C. Boning, 2014: ENSO driven Inter-­‐hemispheric Pacific mass transpots. JGR-Oceans , (9), 6221-6237. pdf
  • (18) Spence, P, S. Griffies, M. England, A. Hogg, O. Saenko, N. Jourdain, 2014: Rapid subsurface warming and circulation changes of Antarctic coastal waters by poleward shifting winds. GRL, 41 (13), 4601-4610. pdf
  • (17) Fogwill, C., C. Turney, K. Meissner, N. Golledge, P. Spence , J. Roberts, M. England, L. Carter, 2014: Testing the sensitivity of the East Antarctica Ice Sheet to Southern Ocean dynamics: past changes and future implications. Journal of Quaternary Science, 29 (1), 91-98. pdf
  • (16) England, M., S. McGregor, P. Spence, G. Meehl, A. Timmermann, W. Cai, A. Sen Gupta and M. McPhaden, 2014: Recently intensified Pacific Ocean wind-­‐driven circulation and the ongoing warming hiatus. Nature Climate Change, 4 (3), 222-227. pdf
  • (15) Spence, P., E. van Sebille, O. Saenko, M. England, 2014: Using Eulerian and Lagrangian Approaches to Investigate Wind-Driven Changes in the Southern Ocean Abyssal Circulation. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 44 (2),662-675. pdf
  • (14) Morrison, A., Saenko O., Hogg, A., Spence, P., 2013: The role of vertical eddy transport in Southern Ocean heat uptake. Geophysical Research Letters, 40 (20), 5445-545-. pdf.
  • (13) Franckombe, L., Spence P., Hogg, A., England, M., Griffies, S, 2013: Sea level changes forced by Southern Ocean winds. Geophysical Research Letters, 40 (21), 5710-5715. pdf.
  • (12) van Sebille, E., P. Spence, M. Mazloff, M. England, S. Rintoul, O. Saenko,2013: Abyssal connections of AABW in a Southern Ocean state estimate. Geophysical Research Letters, 40(10), 2177–2182. pdf.
  • (11) McGregor, S., N. Ramesh, P. Spence, M. England, M. McPhaden, A. Santoso, 2013: Meridional movement of wind anomalies durind ENSO events and their role in event termination. Geophysical Research Letters , 40(4),749–754. pdf.
  • (10) Spence, P., C. Dufour, O. Saenko, J. Le Sommer, M. England, 2012: Mechanisms maintaining Southern Ocean meridional heat transport under projected wind forcing. J. Phys. Ocean., 42, 1923–1931. pdf.
  • (9) Spence, P, O. Saenko, W. Sijp and M. England, 2012: North Atlantic Climate Response to Lake Agassiz Drainage at Coarse and Ocean Eddy-Permitting Resolutions. J. Climate, 26, 2651–2667. pdf.
  • (8) W. Sijp, J. Gregory, R. Tailleux, P. Spence, 2012: The key role of the western boundary current in linking the AMOC to the north-south pressure gradeint. J. Phys. Ocean., 42, 628-643. pdf.
  • (7) Spence, P, O. Saenko, W. Sijp and M. England, 2012: The role of bottom pressure torques in setting interior pathways of North Atlantic Deepwater. J. Phys. Ocean., 42,110-125. pdf.
  • (6) O. Saenko, A. Sen Gupta, and P Spence, 2012: On challenges in predicting bottom water transport in the Southern Ocean. J. Clim., 25, 1349-1356. pdf.
  • (5) Montenegro A., P. Spence, K. Meissner, M. Eby, M. Melchin, and S. Johnson, 2011: Climate-carbon cycle simulations of the Permian-Triassic boundary: Ocean acidification and the extinction event. Paleoceanography, 26, PA3207. pdf.
  • (4) Spence, P, J. Fyfe, A. Montenegro, and A. J. Weaver, 2010: The Southen Ocean response to strengthening winds in an eddy-permitting global climate model. J. Clim., 23, 5332-5343. pdf.
  • (3) Spence, P, O.A. Saenko, M. Eby, and A. J. Weaver, 2009: The Southen Ocean overturning: Parametrized versus permitted eddies. J. Phys. Ocean., 39, 1634-1651. pdf.
  • (2) Spence, P, M. Eby, and A. J. Weaver, 2008: The sensitivity of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation to freshwater forcing at eddy-permitting resolutions. J. Clim., 21, 2697-2710. pdf.
  • (1) Spence, P, and A. J. Weaver, 2006: The Impact of tropical Atlantic freshwater fluxes on the North Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. J. Clim., 19, 4592-4604. pdf.

Publications in Progress:

  • (1) Iliack, M., et al. 2015: An assessment of the Arctic Ocean Hydrography in a suite of inter-annual CORE-II simulations. Ocean Modelling submitted.